Memorizing the Quran is a great virtuous deed. It will intercede for the one who memorises it and will also act as prevention for one to enter Hell-Fire. According to ahadith, it is also narrated that Allah will never put a person in Hell-Fire who has any part of the Quran in his heart.
The 'Golden Age', as described by the classical scholars is between the ages 5 to 23 years. Definitely the golden age is the best time to memorise the Quran as it is the peak of a person's memory. This age factor is a great bonus and aid for those wishing to memorise the Quran and should be utilised by the person immediately.
Below are 10 simple steps a person needs to practice in order to memorise the Quran fast and effectively:
1. Al-Ikhlas - Sincerity
The first step to ease the memorisation of the Quran is sincerity. The person must memorise the Quran for the sake of reward and to please Allah. Not to show off, aim to impress others or in order to get a Job (e.g. as Imaam of the Masjid).
2. Correct the pronunciation and recitation
Another factor that will help a person memorise the Quran is to correct the pronunciation and recitation of the Quran. This can be achieved by listening to a Qari whose style of recitation you like and makes you feel connected to the Quran.
3. Specify how many verses you want to memorise on a daily basis
For example, commit yourself to memorise 3, 5, 10, 20 verses per day.
If you give yourself a target to memorise 3 verses per day, read the three verses you have memorised along with the new three verses you are trying to memorise e.g. If you memorise 3 verses on one day, the next day you should memorise another 3 verses and repeat the verses you memorised the day before.
Another tactic to memorise the Quran is to keep repeating the verses at any opportunity with tajweed (tune). The tajweed will cause the person to enjoy the tune of recitation thus allowing the person to memorise that verse.
4. Do not exceed the limit of your day
If you have committed yourself to memorising 5 or 10 (for example) verses per day then do not exceed it.
Commit yourself to a regular number of verses you wish to memorise everyday and do not change this pattern.
5. Memorise from only one copy of the Quran
This is because in every Qurأan, the layout of the verses is different. If you memorise from one copy you will have a mental picture of the verse in your mind, whereas if you attempt to memorise from many different copies of the Quran, it could lead to confusion and difficulty in memorising the Quran.
6. Understanding is a mechanism of memorising
Understanding the verses will definitely increase memorisation and also khushoo (ritual fear and focus) during salah.
7. Do not go to another chapter until you finish the chapter you are on
Memorising the Quran in chapters is the best way to memorise the Quran as it will be easier to remember where you stopped last.
8. Do not listen to yourself all the time
It is advisable to recite in front of someone who is Hafiz ul Quran (who has memorised the Quran) as this will benefit the hafiz and he will correct him on any mistakes he makes.
9. Continuity - Always recite to yourself, wherever you are
It has been reported the Messenger Muhammad (saw) said that the Quran will run away from the tongue of a person faster than an untied camel. Make sure you are constantly reciting the Quran wherever you are e.g. on the bus, whilst travelling, relaxing at home etc.
10. Identify the patterns of the verses
The Quran is Mutashaabihaat, which means that it has a pattern. Verses often look and sound like each other, which is a great aid to memorising the Qurأan.
Difficulties in memorising the Quran
For those who have passed the golden age, have disability or any hardship in memorising the Quran, it is advisable to have plenty of honey and black seed, which are natural remedies that aid memorisation as-well as cure sicknesses.
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